Essay On Farmers Protest In India
This “Essay On Farmers Protest” is a result of Deep Research based on the Reality and Pros and Cons Of Farm Bill 2020, It is beneficial for every student.
Introduction (Essay On Farmers Protest In English)
The government has described these Farm bills as giving new freedom to farmers after independence.
According to the government, the farmers will be empowered by these bills and will be able to enter into agreements with multinational companies, big traders, etc.
According to the new Farm bill 2020, the farmer can sell his crop in any market at the desired price. With this, farmers will get better options to sell their produce.
Earlier middlemen used to acquire a major part of the farmers’ income, but now farmers will get freedom from them.
The new system will eliminate the compulsion of the farmers to go to the mandi and sell their products to the licensed traders and now the farmer will be the owner of his will.
That is, the producers will get more freedom by preparing the private market, whether the producers go to the APMC market or the private market. This will boost the thinking of “one nation one agricultural market“.
By bringing contract farming under legal purview, producers will be able to get a ready market for their product and entrepreneurs will get ready raw material. Because in contract farming it is decided long before that what to produce and what will be the price. In such a situation, producers will not have to bear the risk of market fluctuations.
Also, now farmers will not have to go round for payment and settlement of disputes, but the settlement and payment of the dispute will be ensured within the stipulated time, but the farmers believe that this bill is anti-farmer.
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Why are farmers Protesting Against the Farm Bills 2020?
In fact, Farmers Produce trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 states that the farmer can now sell his produce to anyone outside the APMC Mandis, there will be no charge on this. While APMC Mandis have different mandi charges in different states on the purchase of agricultural products.
Due to this, the middlemen and market traders fear that when there will be no fee business outside the market, no one will want to come to the market, and the APMC system will be destroyed. The failure of this model has been seen in the state of Bihar. In 2006, the APMC system was abolished in Bihar.
Farmers also fear that after the new law, the government will stop buying crops at the minimum support price.
This concern is because there are no discussions in the Farmers Produce trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 in the context that purchases outside the market will not be below the MSP.
However, the government rejected both these things and said that the APMC and MSP system should be continued. The agitating farmers’ organizations are also alleging that soon after the implementation of the new law, the agricultural sector will go into the hands of corporate houses, which will harm the farmers.
If the farmer now does contract farming then in case of any dispute, he can only go to SDM, whereas earlier he could go to court, this right has also been taken away in the bill.
He believes that most of the farmers of the country are not able to read and understand the big contractors and terms and conditions of multinational companies, in such a situation that there is more possibility of their exploitation.
Farmers also suspect that many times companies promise to buy farmers’ goods at a fixed price before sowing crops under contract farming.
But after the harvest is ready, the companies reject the farmers’ products by pretending to be spoiled.
There is also an allegation on the Essential Commodities Amendment Bill that it may give impetus to black marketing as there is no stock limit and now hoarding will increase.
Opponents also say that the government is giving permission to stock, but most farmers do not have a storage system, cold storage, etc.
In such a situation, after production, they will have to sell their crops to the traders at a paltry price, because private companies have more resources and capabilities, they will stock them and run the market on their own.
In such a situation, the command of fixing the price of the crop will come in the hands of big traders, companies and private players and the role of the farmers will be left equal.
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Farmers Protest Against these Terms
Most of the farmers are opposing all the three Bills, but they are most concerned with the Farmers Produce trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020. Under this bill, there is a movement against the provision related to these terms.
- Business Sector
- Market Fee
- Dispute Resolution
The definition of the Business Sector includes any place, place of production, collection, and aggregation such as form gate, factory premises, warehouse, cold storage, etc.
However, the existing Mandis established under the APMC Act are excluded from the definition of a business sector under the new bill.
Those opposing the bill say that this provision will limit the APMC Mandis to their physical boundaries and will encourage big corporate buyers.
Under this bill, a trader can operate in both the APMC mandi and the business sector, although the trader will need a license under the state APMC Act to trade in the mandi. Whereas under this bill, the PAN card holder trader can buy the produce of the farmers in the designated business area.
In such a situation, the concern of the farmers is also that, the agents who buy crops from APMC mandi right now, have to get a license to do business in the mandi. And they get the license only after verification under the APMC Act. hence, farmers are confident that the agents will not cheat. But under the new bill, it will be difficult for the farmers to trust the trader.
According to agricultural experts, the Adhatiya system (Middle Man System) is more effective in Punjab and Haryana, so there are more protests in these states.
Under this bill, no market duty or cess, or levy is allowed on the farmer or trader inside the business area. This provision will reduce the income of the state government and will benefit the private sector, so some state governments are also opposing it.
If we look at the example of Punjab alone in this case, then in 2019-20, Punjab received ₹ 3600 crores from trade as revenue. In such a situation, if the new system is implemented, then the states may have to lose a lot of money.
According to the bill, in the case of a dispute between the farmer and the trader, they can settle the matter by filing an application to the Sub Divisional Magistrate (SDM).
It is being questioned that this bill does not allow farmers to go to civil court in cases of dispute.
It is also feared that the proposed system of reconciliation may be misused against the farmers, but the opinion of the government is quite different on the three bills of agricultural reforms.
Conclusion (Essay On Farmers Protest 2020 In English)
To end the protest of the farmers and restore their confidence, the central government should reach out to those opposing the bills, including the farmers, and explain the need for reform.
There is a need to bring more clarity in ambiguous provisions, apart from the promotion of the private sector in the agriculture sector, necessary reforms should also be made for the expansion of APMC.
The government should also keep in mind that without a strong institutional system, the open market can cause damage to millions of unorganized small farmers.
For this, there is a need to create strong institutional arrangements and at the same time, the government will have to focus on the improvement of agricultural infrastructure.
The government should encourage e-trading in agriculture through innovative efforts like e-NAM.
Efforts should be made to implement the recommendations of the “Swaminathan Committee” with reference to the minimum support price on agricultural produce.
The trust of the farmers can also be won by making MSP the legal right of the farmers so that the grain providers of the country will be able to become self-reliant and capable.
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