Essay On 5G Technology (Fifth Generation)
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Essay On 5G Technology (Fifth Generation)
5G is the next generation of mobile standards defined by the International Telecommunication Union.
The ITU is a specialized agency of the United Nations for Information and Communications Technology responsible for the allocation of global radio spectrum and the development of its key standards.
5G technology can provide data speeds of 10 Gbps and above and it will be about 20 times faster than 4G.
In addition to the data rate, 5G will reduce latency and energy savings, and mass device connectivity will be possible.
This will pave the way for next-generation applications such as autonomous vehicles, smart homes, and cities, virtual reality applications, the Internet of Things, and large-scale machine-to-machine communication for industries.
The main differences between 3G, 4G, and 5G
3G technology is a third-generation mobile phone service that offers faster speeds, higher frequency, and better bandwidth than the second generation.
At the same time, 4G technology is the fourth generation technology of mobile service, which is completely based on Internet Protocol. In this, voice, data, and multimedia can be sent and received at the same speed.
5G will be many times faster, smarter, and technically efficient than 4G. 5G is a mixture of telecom/telecom technology, which generates very little radiation while using very little energy and provides very high data speeds through extensive connectivity.
It is also designed as a network for the Internet of Things (IoT). This will not only connect people but also utility machines, industrial equipment, automobiles, city infrastructure, public safety, etc.
On a 3G network, consumers can transmit data at 2 megabytes in seconds while 4G technology speeds up to 100mbps.
The higher the bandwidth, the higher the data transfer speed. A government panel report states that peak network data speeds with 5G are expected to be in the range of 220 gigabits per second (Gbps).
3G technology works on the wide-area network concept while 4G technology works on the concept of local area network.
5G networks can run on the 3400 MHz, 3500 MHz, and 3600 MHz bands, but the 3500 MHz bands are considered ideal.
In addition, the millimeter-wave spectrum can play an important role in 5G. Millimeter waves operate at 30 to 300 GHz frequencies. Till now these waves are used in satellite networks and radar systems.
Features Of 5G (Essay On 5G Technology)
- High data rate (1Gbps for hotspots, download speed 100Mbps and upload speed of 50Mbps for wide-area coverage).
- Comprehensive connectivity (1 million connections per square kilometer area)
- Ultra-low-latency (1 millisecond), high reliability (99.999% for mission critical “ultra-reliable” communication).
- Mobility at high speed (up to 500 km / h speed i.e, for the high-speed train).
- It will still take a long time for this technology to turn into reality, but it has enough potential to completely change our current mode of interaction with wireless devices.
Key Pillar Of 5G technology
- Augmented mobile broadband
A dedicated mobile brand band is helpful to provide ultra-high-speed internet service in densely populated urban areas. Apart from this it is also capable of providing virtual reality and augmented reality services.
- Massive Machine Type Communication
It can also provide internet service to a large number of connected devices. This enables a high density of connectivity in IoT and for Smart City, Smart Power Grid, Smart Industries, etc.
- Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communication
This meets the stringent requirement to reduce the delay to as low as 1 millisecond. This technology enables communication in mission-critical applications and thus makes application possible in robotics and autonomous vehicles.
Benefits of 5G Technology & Advantages Of 5G
- Fast internet speed
Currently, the 4G network is capable of achieving a maximum download speed of one gigabyte per second. With 5G this speed can be increased to 10 gigabytes per second.
- Ultra-low latency
Latency refers to the time it takes to send a data packet from one device to another. The latency rate in 4G is 50 milliseconds while 5G can have up to 1 millisecond.
- Well connected world
5G will provide capacity and bandwidth as per user requirements for adjusting technologies like the internet of things. Thus, it will help in the adoption of artificial intelligence.
According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Committee on Digital Economic Policy, the implementation of 5G technology will help increase GDP, create jobs, and make the economy digital.
Potential Benefits Of 5G In India
The cumulative economic impact of 5G on India could reach the US $ 1 trillion by 2035.
This will help to incorporate artificial intelligence into our lives and enable seamless data exchange to smart devices to provide an environment for the Internet of Things (IoT).
5G can enable improvements in the entire value chain, from agriculture to smart irrigation, better monitoring of soil and crop, and livestock management.
5G will enable the use of robotics for precision manufacturing, especially where humans cannot perform these tasks safely or accurately.
In health care, 5G can enable more effective telepathy delivery, remote control of surgical robotics, and wireless monitoring of critical data.
According to a World Bank report, the implementation of 5G in India will accelerate economic growth by 13.8%. It will facilitate automation through the Internet of Things in smart manufacturing.
With the help of 5G, the use of virtual reality and robotics in health education, etc. will be possible. The Smart City and Digital India programs will get a boost.
5G will bring a digital revolution in rural India through initiatives such as smart village application cloud solutions to improve productivity in areas such as agriculture, MSME, banking, etc.
Conclusion (Essay On 5G Technology)
According to the GSMA Intelligence report released in May 2019 by the global telecom industry body, India will have 92 crore unique mobile subscribers by the year 2025. In India, 5G connections are projected to reach 88 million by 2025.
Currently, the number of mobile subscribers is calculated based on the number of SIMs issued but the number of actual mobile subscribers is not known due to the possibility of one customer having multiple SIMs.
Therefore, efforts are being intensified to determine the number of people who are truly connected or mobile consumers.
However, according to the latest data, India’s total wireless subscriber base as of 31 March 2019 is 116 crore while wireless tally density is 886.
By 2025, India alone will make up about a quarter of the world’s new mobile subscribers.
However, the emergence of a 5G ecosystem in India will depend on the ability of telecom operators to invest in networks that will need favorable support on policy and regulatory fronts.
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