Essay On Bird Flu In English
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Essay On Bird Flu In English
Bird flu is a highly viral disease caused by the influenza type A virus. Bird flu is also called avian influenza, this virus commonly affecting poultry birds such as chickens.
There are many strains of this virus, of which some strains are less affected, while some strains are serious and dangerous.
The virus is found naturally in wild aquatic birds such as ducks and geese, which also infects domestic poultry and birds. Sometimes, this virus also occurs in pigs, cats, dogs, etc.
History Of Bird Flu
Bird flu (An influenza type A H5N1) was first detected in China in 1996 and the first person infected with bird flu was found in 1997 in Hong Kong.
Recently in 2005, H5N1 strains of the virus have caused an epidemic by infecting a large Asian and European population.
Symptoms Of Bird Flu
Bird flu infects the intestines of birds whereas it causes respiratory problems in people. Symptoms show within 2 to 8 days after being infected with bird flu. Here are some symptoms of bird flu…
- Sore throat
- Stomach Pain
- To have a cold
- Eye infection
- Having trouble breathing
- Muscle aches etc.
Prevention (Essay On Bird Flu In English)
- The antiviral drug “Oseltamivir” can be used to avoid bird flu.
- Those working in poultry should wear PPE kits.
- Poultry birds can also be protected from bird flu by vaccination
- Cook eggs or chicken well, The risk of bird flu infection is averted by cooking food at a temperature of at least 70°C.
- Keep away from dead or sick birds due to bird flu infection.
Can Bird Flu Infect Humans
Generally, this virus does not infect humans, although there have been many minor instances of human infection in the past.
In 1997, after a bird flu outbreak at a live bird market in Hong Kong, people were found to be infected with bird flu. This was the H5N1 strain of influenza type A virus.
The disease can be spread to people due to exposure to birds infected with H5N1 bird flu. Bird flu is not commonly spread from people to people. No bird flu cases have been seen in any person in India to date.
This virus can also infect humans through birds. According to WHO, infection of bird flu is difficult to spread from person to person but this virus is very deadly.
The death rate of people infected with the bird flu virus is up to 60%. In humans, bird flu can enter through the eyes, nose, and mouth. Human deaths have been reported in various countries such as China Vietnam and Cambodia due to bird flu.
Conclusion (Essay On Bird Flu In English)
There are various strains of the virus that cause influenza in birds and other animals. This various strains which have been identified as infectious to human being are H5N1, H7N3, H7N7, and H9N2.
These strains of the virus are normally not harmful to human beings but after mutation are adapting to the changing Environment they can infect the human population.
In the wild, primarily aquatic and migratory birds are affected by the Avian flu and this eventually spread to many poultry Birds as well.
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