Essay On Farm Bill 2020 | Farm Bill 2020 Essay | Agriculture Bill Essay
Hello Friends, In this post “Essay On Farm Bill 2020 | Farm Bill 2020 Essay“, we will read about all the three farm bills 2020 as an Essay In Detail.
Note: This “Essay On Farm Bill 2020“, is a result of deep research based on the summary of Farm Bill 2020. Farm Bill 2020 Essay is an expected topic for the exam. so, read it carefully.
Essay On Farm Bill 2020
Shri Narendra Singh Tomar (Union Minister of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare) said that, Through this bill, farmers have the freedom for direct marketing of their products.
And this will enable the farmers to get better prices and along with this, the MSP system will continue, consumers will also benefit.
The Farm Bill 2020 consists of three-bills passed by the government of India. these are:
The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020
There is a provision in this bill to create an ecosystem where farmers and traders will have the freedom to sell crops outside the market.
According to this, farmers can sell their crops at the desired location and can sell and buy crops in other states without any hindrance.
This means that even outside the APMC, the purchase and sale of crops will be done. With this, there will be no tax on the sale of the crop.
APMC is the mandi market where farmers can sell their agricultural produce at the minimum support price. These Mandis are run by the state governments and in every state, there is also APMC Act related to these Mandis.
According to Farm Bill 2020, food items such as wheat, rice, oilseeds, oil, vegetables, fruits, spices, sugarcane, poultry, piggery, goat farming, fisheries, dairy products, raw cotton, jute, and animal feed, etc, are defined as Agricultural produce or products.
Under this bill, the SDM level officer or the Arbitration Committee appointed by him has been authorized to decide the terms of payment and settle the dispute.
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The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020
In this bill, it is proposed to make arrangements for contract farming across the country.
The bill empowers farmers to engage with farm services, the sale of agricultural products, agribusiness firms, wholesalers, retailers, and exporters.
Under this bill, there can be a contract to purchase crops based on the price and quality standards that have already set. Similarly, from selling seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides to farmers, there can also be a contract to provide all kinds of services related to agriculture.
Through contract farming, farmers will be able to sell the crop to companies at a fixed price. Contract farming is done on the basis of a contract.
If the farmer contracts with a company or a person, during this time the contractor buys the crop grown by the farmer.
The special thing is that the prices of the crops grown by the farmer are also fixed in the contract in advance.
Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020
The Essential Commodities Act 1955 has been amended through this bill. through this bill, agricultural products like cereals, pulses, oilseeds, edible oil, onions, and potatoes have been removed from the list of essential commodities.
It means the stock limit has been removed from these products. Now stock limits will be imposed on them only in situations such as national disaster, drought, etc.
In addition, such stock limits will not be applicable for value chain participants, as well as government control over production, storage, and distribution.
The Government enacted the Essential Commodities Act 1955 to ensure the supply of essential commodities and to protect them from hoarding, black marketing.
The Act of 1955 does not give any specific definition of essential items, but according to Section 2A of the Act, essential item means the items included in the schedule of this Act.
The central government can add and remove the essential items from this schedule. By declaring a commodity as an essential commodity, the government can control the production, supply, and distribution of the commodity and also enforce the stock limit.
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