Essay On Mahatma Gandhi
Hello, My Dear Friends, Jai Hind, In this Essay on Mahatma Gandhi we will read his journey from Mohandas to Mahatma Gandhi in detail.
So, Read this essay on Mahatma Gandhi for understanding deeply.
Gandhi Ji was born in Porbandar (Gujarat), on 2 Oct 1869. He was the son of Putli bai and Karamchand Gandhi.
The father of Mahatma Gandhi became the Deewaans of the state. he gets services mainly from Porbandar and Rajkot. at this time, Gandhi Ji got married to Kasturba.
In 1888, Gandhi Ji goes to London and follows the Anglicised approach.
In 1889, Eventually, Gandhi Ji study towards religion. it is also known as the enlightenment phase of Mahatma Gandhi’s life.
In 1891, he completes his education and comes back to India and practices in the High court. he does a lot of struggle but finally, they don’t get any case, so he shifts from Bombay to Rajkot.
The first time, In 1893 Gandhiji was gone to South Africa. he was called by Gujarati businessman Dada Abdullah to settle some issues as a lawyer.
In South Africa, Gandhi landed in a place called Durban.
Durban is a port of Africa.
On 7th June 1893, during traveling from the train the incident of racism
Gandhiji takes place in South Africa.
In 1894, the Natal Indian Congress was the first body that was established by Gandhi Ji. And he was the first Indian Person who enrolled at the African supreme court.
In 1896, he come back to Rajkot and published “The Green Pamphlet” which shows the conditions of the Indian Community in South Africa.
In 1897, Gandhi Ji sails back to South Africa and participate in the Boer war (between French and British).
In 1899, he has established the ambulance corps and he was also awarded by medal by the British.
In 1901 Gandhiji sails back to India. In Dec of this year, he attends the congress Calcutta session and raises Indian issues in South Africa.
In 1902, he come in contact with Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Gokhale was also known as the political guru of Mahatma Gandhi.
during this time he was called back to South Africa, due to the anti-Asiatic act(It is a form of ID Card which is required to carry by the Indian community).
In 1903, he established a transversal British India association in South Africa and started to publish a newspaper called Indian opinion.
In 1904, Mahatma Gandhi read john Ruskin’s book called Unto this last.
And he established phoenix Indian Settlement and also published an article called a guide to health.
In 1905, when the participation of Bengal took place then mahatma Gandhi criticized Lord Curzon as a part of Indian opinion(Newspaper). And said Curzon was wrong, the Bengali people had the right to the determination whether they want to divide or not.
In 1906, this phase is known as the transformation phase of Mahatma Gandhi. since now he is disinterested in worldly possessions and adopts the Brahmacharya vow and decides that He will protest the British by passive resistance oath.
During 1907-1908, he writes a series of 8 articles in Gujarati on “ethical religion”. at this time ‘Satyagrah’ was used instead of ‘Passive resistance’.
In 1909, Gandhiji sails to England, in this time Gandhiji writes to ‘Tolstoy’ on passive resistance and Tolstoy personally replied to Mahatma Gandhi on the basis of this reply Gandhiji established ‘Tolstoy Farm’. It says that it was the
ashram system was established by Gandhi when they came back to India.
The period of (1911-14) is very much important because Gandhi Ji started so many ‘Satyagraha.
In 1912, Gopal Krishna Gokhale visits south Africa with mahatma Gandhi and at this time. Gandhi Ji gives up the western dress.
During 1913-14, two main Satyagrah is started by Mahatma Gandhi.
one of them is against the supreme court judgment in South Africa. the supreme court of South Africa says that any marriage which is not according to the Christian rituals is nullifying.
and the second one is that Gandhiji starts satyagraha against poll taX (3 pounds) indentured laborers and also protest against inter-state migration.
In Jan 1915 Gandhi reaches Indian and this day is called India Pravasi Bhartiya divas.it is celebrated every two years.
In May 1915, Gandhi Ji makes Asharam on Ahmedabad, and later it was shifted to Sabarmati (1917).
In april 1917, he started Champaran satyagrah.
In 1918, Gandhiji started Champaran Satyagraha(mill worker) and Kheda Satyagraha (peasant).
On 6 April 1919, he started Rowlett satyagraha, the Rowlett Satyagrah is also known as ‘Himalayan Blunder.
The massacre of Jallianwala bagh happened on 13 April 1919.
In 1920, he started the khilafat movement. during this period, Gandhiji established Gujarat Vidyapeeth.
In 1921, Bal Gangadhar Tilak was dead at the time of the Non-cooperation movement. Gandhiji formed a fund called Tilak Swaraj Fund.
During the Non-Cooperation movement, Gandhiji visits Madurai (Tamilnadu) and discards their full clothes.
In 1922, the Chauri-Chaura incident take place in Gorakhpur(UP), Gandhiji was arrested and sent to jail(Yerwada) Pune, for six years.
In 1924, Gandhiji was released from jail due to ill health. during this period Gandhiji was the president of the congress at the Belgaum session (1924).
In 1928, he encouraged Anti Simon Protest.
In 1929, during the Lahore session of congress gives slogans of Purna swaraj.
On 12th March 1930, Gandhiji started salt satyagraha and on 6th April 1930, he has broken the salt law.
In March 1931, the meeting held between Gandhiji and viceroy Irwin in Delhi called the Gandhi-Irwin pact. it is also known as the Delhi pact.
In Sep-Nov 1931, Gandhiji attend second round table conference
In Jan 1932, the civil disobedience movement (2.0) start due to communal awards. for its Gandhiji fasting in jail. later on, the pact between Gandhiji and Bhimrao Ambedkar was called Poona Pact.
In 1936, Gandhiji settle the Sevagram ashram in central India (Wardha).
In 1939, Gandhiji fasts in Rajkot against their own princely state.
In 1940-42, Gandhiji criticized Cripps’s mission said that it is a post-dated cheque.
On 8th-9th Aug 1942, he started Quit India Movement.
The leader of the Indian National Army (INA) Subashchandra Bose addressed Mahatma Gandhi as a ‘Bapu’ on the radio.
And the title of ‘Mahatma’ was given by Rabindranath Tagore to Gandhiji.
In Aug 1942, Gandhiji writes ‘around me is utter darkness.
During this period the riots in the whole of India become increases mainly in Bengal.
In Sep 1947, Gandhiji against fasting in Calcutta, and the riots become stopped because of his appeal. it is also known as the ‘Calcutta Miracle’.
On 12th Jan 1948, Fasting leads to the establishment of the Central Peace Committee called peace pledge.
On 20 January(10 days before his death) a person named Madan Lal throws a Bomb on Gandhiji During prayer at Birlahouse.
On 30th June 1948, in the morning Gandhiji said that congress renamed Congress Seva Sangh. But, Unfortunately at evening prayer, he was assassinated on way…. by Nathuram Godse.
Later on, the thought of Nathuram Godse was published as a book called ‘May it Please Your Honour’.
At last, Nathuram Godse was hanged at Ambala jail.
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