Essay on Independence Day
Independence day is the most valuable day for all persons in our country. It is celebrated as a national holiday by the people of India, To mark the 15th August 1947, as the anniversary of India’s national independence from the British.
15th August has a very significant day in Indian history and it is celebrated by persons of all religions, traditions, and cultures with great joy and happiness.
On this day, the Indian people are paying healthy tribute to the great leaders for whom India is becoming independent forever. our leaders such as Bhagat Singh, P.t Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Valla Bhai Patel, and many others sacrifice their lives to let people enjoy being independent in our nation.
To Commemorates this day, people listen to music in schools, watch patriotic movies, many children take part in a competition and contest, and go to view various live performances about the meaning of the Day.
After the freedom of India, Jawahar Lal Nehru was the first P.M of our nation. on 15th August 1947, who raised the flag at Red Fort (Delhi) and given a speech. This marveled is trailed by the other resulting P.M of India.
Where banner lifting functions, parade, marches, salute by the 21 guns, and many more other cultural events are organized.
Our Prime Minister P.t Nehru hoisted the national flag at Red Fort and after it reciting the national anthem. At 12 pm on the 15th of August 1947, P.t Nehru declared the freedom of India by pursuing out his speech on “Truth With Destiny”.
He said that it is time to pledge after long years of slavery and let our nation succeed.
India is the country where a large number of persons live together whether they have a place with different religions, traditions, or societies.
Similar to an Indian on this day, we will make a promise to be steadfast and energetic in saving our motherland
Historical Background For Independent of India
Many incidents take place for the Independent of India. From (1885 – 1947) the journey of Independent of India is given, which helps to understand our historical background deeply for Independence.
How India got Independent
- In 1885 Congress was formed
- In 1905 Partition of Bengal
- In 1907 Surat split
- In 1909 ‘Minto Morley Reform’
The journey of Mahatma Gandhi in India
- In 1916, Congress Lucknow Session
- In 1917, Champaran Satyagrah
- In 1919, Montague Chelmsford Reforms
- In 1919, the Rowlatt Act
- In 1919, Jalianwala Bagh Massacre
- In 1920, the Non-Cooperation Movement
Revolutionary Phase in Indian History
- In 1922, Chauri Chaura Incident
- In 1925, Kakori Incident
- In 1924, the Swaraj Party
- In 1927, the Simon Commission
- In 1928, the Nehru Report
- In 1929, Lahore Session (Poorna Swaraj)
- In 1930, Civil Disobedience Movement
- In 1930, Dandi March
- In 1930, First Round Table Conference
Formation Of Government
- In 1931, Gandhi Irwin Pact
- In 1931, Second Round Table Conference
- In 1932, Communal Award
- In 1932, Third Round Table Conference
- In 1935, the Government of India Act
- In 1940, Pakistan Resolution
- In 1939, World War 2
- In 1942, Cripps Mission
- In 1942, the Quit India Movement
- In 1946, Cabinet Mission Plan
- In 1947, Mountbatten Plan
- On 15th Aug 1947, India became Independent
Why We Celebrate Our Independence Day On The 15th of August?
India was colonized for over 200 years and the people of India demanded complete Independence. the proposed date for independence was 26th January 1930. On, July 18, 1947, the law was passed, stating that India would become an independent country on 15th Aug 1947.
The last viceroy and India’s first governor-general select the day since August 15th also commemorates Japan’s second anniversary of surrender to the Allied forces. Thus, 15th August is celebrated as Independence day in India.
Independence day is celebrated in remembrance of the sacrifices our leaders made so that we could live as free citizens.
Why Pakistan Celebrates Its Independence Day On The 14th Of August and India Celebrates On The 15th Of August.
In the capacity of the last viceroy of British India was forced to attend both Independence day functions in both countries
To avoid inconvenience and they said that Pakistan celebrates their independence day on August of 14th and India on the 15th of August.
What is History of India’s Journey Towards Independence?
In the 1600s, the British came to India basically for trading and were granted trading rights by the Indian emperor, Jahangir.
At the time, India ruled by the Mughal who was too powerful for the British. when the Mughal empire disintegrated, the British begun to conquer small parts of India.
Starting with the battle of Plassey in 1857, the British began expanding rapidly throughout India till 1857.
In 1857, there was a massive uprising throughout northern India, where Indian leaders fought against the British.
The freedom struggle led by Mahatma Gandhi was so successful that the British were forced to grants Indians numerous rights.
It means It included voting rights, with several Indian-led governments in 1937, though they were externally controlled by the British, In 1945, the British economy was destroyed due to world war 2nd.
So, Mainly they decided to leave India peacefully. However, this day also marks the tragic partition of India.
7+ Interesting Facts About Indian Independence Day
- At the time of Independent, the value of Indian 1 rupees = 1 $ (U.S) but at now 2020, 1 $ (U.S) = Approx 77 rupees.
- Mahatma Gandhi is the Chief Architect of Independence.
- In India, only Karnataka (Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha) KKGSS have licensed for flag production.
- Indian flag is made from khadi, the making of the flag from other material is a punishable offense. so, that according to the law they imprisoned for 3 years and a fine.
- In 1950, National Anthem (Jana Gana Mana, written by Rabindranath Tagore, 1911) was officially adopted.
- Britishers declared Independent of India with 565 princely states as an independent state. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel our first home minister has united the Princely states with India and so, he was known as “Iron Man of India”.
- Bahrain, North Korea, Congo, Liechtenstein, and South Korea also share the same date for Independence on the 15th of August.
- Our official Independence day celebrated by the Indian Government at Red Fort (New Delhi).