Essay On New Education Policy 2020 In English
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Essay On New Education Policy 2020
On July 29, 2020 (Wednesday), the New Education Policy 2020 was launched.
The aim of this policy is to overhaul the education system of our country and it is approved by Union Cabinet.
The New Education Policy 2020, was announced by Human Resource Development (HRD) Ramesh Pokhriyal and Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B) Prakash Javedkar.
India’s First Education Policy came under the Indira Gandhi government in 1968 and India’s Second Education Policy came in 1986 under the Rajiv Gandhi government,
Which was modified in 1992 during the time of the P.V. Narasimha Rao government and now after 34 years, India’s New Education Policy 2020 has come.
In 2014, the New Education Policy was in BJP’s manifesto. In 2015, a committee was formed, under the chairmanship of TSR Subramanian and this committee submitted its report on 7th May 2016.
The main objective of this committee was to improve the quality of education, the credibility of education, and address the gaps in implementation the Ministry released this draft policy in 2016, but it could not apply.
After this, another committee of 9 members was formed under the chairmanship of former ISRO Chief Dr. K Kasturirangan and this committee drafted the National Education Policy in 2019 which was finally passed as the New Education Policy 2020.
On 1st May 2020, The New Education Policy 2020 was reviewed by Prime Minister Mr.Narendra Modi, for which a draft was prepared by a panel of experts led by former (ISRO) Chief K Kasturirangan.
By 2040, the aim of this policy was to convert all higher education institutions (HEIs) is to become multidisciplinary institutions and the aim of each institution is to have 3000 or more students.
The Focus of NEP 2020 is to increase the standards of education at an international level.
The implementation, it’s effectively our country to take J-Curve growth in all sectors. so, it is also known as the globalization of education.
The New Education Policy 2020 focuses on the development of all factors with education, such as skill development, coding, music, and project, and involves everything which helps to grow the overall personality of students.
With the implementation of NEP 2020, affordable fees are also applicable in all schools and colleges. which helps lower-class families they also educate their children.
By 2030, the aim of the New Education Policy is to establish at least one large multidisciplinary institution in or near every district.
A multidisciplinary institution means a university that offers graduate and undergraduate programs, with high-quality teaching, research, and community engagement. Arts and Humanities students aim to learn more about Science.
By implementing this feature dropouts can come back again and be able to continue their study. and its bad effect also can be seen as the lack of seriousness in students with respect to their college.
The New Education Policy 2020 increases the flexibility of education. according to this policy, students have the option to choose their subjects during their study.
Hence, the Multiple entries or exit model increases the flexibility of education but it also decreases the value of our college(because students have the option to join them again). overall it’s better for our education.
Undergraduate degree courses will be of either 3 or 4-year duration, with multiple exiting options. A certificate course after completing one year in a discipline or field, including vocational and professional areas.
Or a diploma after 2 years of study, Or a bachelor’s degree after a 3 yrs program. After a 4-year multidisciplinary Bachelor’s Program. However, shall be the preferred option.
According to NEP 2020, the digital credit system would be established.it is also known as the Academic Bank Of Credit (ABC).
The aims of the New Education Policy 2020 are to make India a global study destination providing the best education at very low or affordable costs.
An international student’s office at each institution hosting foreign students will be set up.
Now HRD Ministry is known as Education Ministry. This means HRD Ministry is replaced by the Education Ministry.
Now our High performing Indian Universities are also able to set up campuses in other countries.
Selected Universities such as those from among the top 100 universities in the world will be facilitated to operate in India.
The National Committee for the Integration of Vocational Education (NCIVE) is established by the education ministry.
A National Research Foundation (NRF) will be established. The aim of NRF is to promote the culture of research through Universities. India has more than 45,000 affiliated colleges.
And it will be governed independently of the government, by the Board of Governors which includes the best researchers and innovators across fields.
The set up of an Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI) is the aim of NEP. while also laying significant and other languages.
Students can learn e-content in their regional languages with Hindi and English. E-courses in eight major languages, not just English and Hindi.
For the student who is above the age of 8 yrs, a National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education (NCPFECCE) is developed by NCERT.
From class 6th students can learn coding in school, which is one of the required skills of the 21st century. 10+2 education system is also replaced by 5+3+3+4 models.
To decrease the value and stress of the board exam, it will conduct in two parts: Objective and Subjective.
The exam will be conducted twice a year. In Board Exam, practical knowledge should be promoted rather than rote learning.
Now, the student obtains a 360-degree holistic report card on the basis of their skills, obtained marks in the exam, and also includes all other points.
One special section was introduced in which students give marks to themselves and their friends also gives marks which are displayed on the report card properly.
The high-quality common aptitude test and specialized common subject exams in the sciences, humanities languages, arts, and the vocational subject are offered by National Testing Agency (NTA), at least twice every year for university entrance exams.
Due to COVID-19 schools and colleges are closed across the world. so, for making balance distance learning, e-learning, online courses, and virtual learning is also encouraged.
Now technology-based options such as online courses/modules, dedicated apps, and TV channels are to be developed. Hence, Overall technology-based education is preferred.
Prior to the age of five, every child will move to a “Preparatory Class” (that is, before class 1st), which has an EECE-qualified teacher.
The Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD) will create a National Mission on Fundamental Literacy and Numbering on Priority.
The nutrition and health (Including mental health) of children will be addressed, through healthy meals and regular health checkups, and Health cards are given to supervise the same.
The 2020 New Education Policy aims to make “India a global superpower of knowledge”.
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