Essay On Sikkim In English | Art & Culture | Tourism | Religion | Summary
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“Attracts a lot of Minds of tourists, Sikkim was called Switzerland of the East.”
Essay On Sikkim In English
Introduction of Sikkim
Sikkim is a hilly state located in North-Eastern India. and Sikkim is also the second least populated state in India.
English, Gorkha Khas language, Lepcha, Bhutia, Limbu, and Hindi are the official language of Sikkim.
Hindu and Vajrayana Buddhism are the main religions of Sikkim.
Gangtok is the capital as well as the largest city of Sikkim. Kanchanjanga, the world’s third-highest mountain range is also located in Sikkim.
Sikkim is the 22nd state of India. Nowadays the Chief Minister of Sikkim is Mr. Prem Singh Tamang.
And the population of Sikkim is 610,577. the area of Sikkim is 7096-kilometer square.
History of Sikkim
Sikkim came into existence in 1642, when the Phuntsong Namgyal was declared the first Chogyal (king) of Sikkim.
Namgyal was declared king by three Buddhist monks.
The Monarchy started in Sikkim in this manner. After which the Namgyal dynasty ruled Sikkim for 333 years.
And India attained Independence in 1947. After this, different princely states were merged in India under the leadership of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
In this series, A referendum was also held in Sikkim in 1975. In the referendum, 97.5% of the people were in favor of India.
After which the Constitution Amendment Bill to make Sikkim the 22nd state of India was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 23rd April 1975.
It was passed the same day by a vote of 299-11. And in the Rajya Sabha, the bill was passed on 26th April, and on 15th May 1975, as soon as president Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed signed the bill, the rule of the Namgyal dynasty came to an end.
Geography Of Sikkim (Essay On Sikkim In English)
Sikkim is a hill state located in the northeastern part of India. It is one of the smallest states in India.
Sikkim is bordered by Tibet to the North and Northeast, by Bhutan to the southeast, by the Indian State of West Bengal to the south, And by Nepal to the west. The Capital is Gangtok, in the southeastern part of the state.
The third highest peak in the world, Kanchenjunga, which is considered to be the defense goddess of Sikkim, exudes its enchanting natural beauty Sikkim is one of the 18 major regions of the world full biodiversity.
Culture Of Sikkim
Sikkim is mainly inhabited by Bhutia, Lepcha, and Nepali communities.
Maghi Sankranti, Durgapuja, Lakshmi puja, and Chaitra Dasai/Rama Navami, Dasai, Sonam Losung, Nomsoung, Tendong Halo Rum Phat (Worship of the mount of Tendong), Losar (Tibetan New Year) are the major festivals of the state.
other festivals include Sakeva (Rai), Sonam Lochar (Gurung), Barahimzong (Magar), etc.
Costumes Of Sikkim
The Costumes of Sikkim Reflect the social and cultural lifestyles of the major communities that are Lepcha, Bhutia, and Nepali.
The three communities of Lepcha, Bhutia, and Nepal wear different costumes which further enhance the diversity found in the state.
Among the prominent Costumes Of Sikkim are Bakhu/Kho, Chuba, and Gho.
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Folk Dance Of Sikkim
The Major Dances of Sikkim are Chhu Phat dance, Singhai Cham or Snow Lion Dance, Yak Cham, Denjong Nenha, Tashi Yangku Dance, Khukhuri Dance, Chutki Dance, Maruni Dance, etc.
Food Of Sikkim
Rice is a staple food, and fermented food traditionally constitutes a significant in Sikkim serve various types of Nepalese cuisine, such as the Newa and Thakali Cuisines. Tibetan Cuisine has also Influenced Sikkim’s Cuisine.
Source Of Livelihood Of Sikkim People’s
In Sikkim, More than 64% population depends on agriculture for their livelihood. Arable land in Sikkim is about 1,09,000 Hectares, which is 15.36 % of the total geographical area.
Maize, rice, wheat, potato, larger cardamom, ginger, and orange are the major crops here.
Sikkim is the largest producer of large cardamom in the country. Ginger, potatoes, orange, and non-seasonal vegetables are other cash crops.
Though industrially Sikkim has been declared a backward state, many centuries ago there have been artisan-based traditional Sikkim cottage industries.
Transportation Of Sikkim (Essay On Sikkim In English)
Roads Of Sikkim
Gangtok, the capital of Sikkim, is connected to Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Siliguri, and all the district headquarters of Sikkim by road. 41000 km the total length of roads in the state, including national highways, is 2,933.49 km. out of this, 873.43 km roads have been built by border roads organization.
Railways And Aviation Of Sikkim
The nearest railway stations of the state are Siliguri (113km) and New Jalpaiguri (125km) from where one can travel to Kolkata, Delhi, Guwahati, Lucknow, and other important cities of the country.
There is no airport in Sikkim. helicopter service is provided between Gangtok and Bagdogra.
Famous Tourist place of Sikkim (Essay On Sikkim In English)
Sikkim Is one of the major tourist destinations in India with peaks, sacred lakes, ancient monasteries, orchid nurseries, and stunning trekking routes making Sikkim a perfect holiday place.
The major sightseeing places of Sikkim are Gangtok, Mangan, Yumthang Valley, Lachen Village, Gurudongmar Laake, etc.
Best Time To Visit In Sikkim
The best time to visit Sikkim state is in the months of April and May. the Sikkim states receive four months of snow in the winter and are prone to landslides during the monsoons.
Therefore, the summer season is considered to be very pleasant and suitable for visiting.
Conclusion (Essay On Sikkim In English)
Sikkim State is one of the most beautiful states in the country.
Sikkim captivates everyone with its natural beauty. the snow-capped mountains and naturally flowing waterfalls of Sikkim are very beautiful scenery is definitely worth visiting.
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